Shared Element Transitions

Introduction

Here you find examples for transition between Activities or Fragments using a shared element. An example for this behaviour is the Google Play Store App which translates an App's icon from the list to the App's details view.

Syntax

  • transaction.addSharedElement(sharedElementView, "targetTransitionName");
  • fragment.setSharedElementEnterTransition(new CustomTransaction());

Shared Element Transition between two Fragments

In this example, one of two different ImageViews should be translated from the ChooserFragment to the DetailFragment.

In the ChooserFragment layout we need the unique transitionName attributes:

<ImageView
    android:id="@+id/image_first"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:src="@drawable/ic_first"
    android:transitionName="fistImage" />

<ImageView
    android:id="@+id/image_second"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:src="@drawable/ic_second"
    android:transitionName="secondImage" />

In the ChooserFragments class, we need to pass the View which was clicked and an ID to the parent Activity wich is handling the replacement of the fragments (we need the ID to know which image resource to show in the DetailFragment). How to pass information to a parent activity in detail is surely covered in another documentation.

view.findViewById(R.id.image_first).setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
    @Override
    public void onClick(View view) {
        if (mCallback != null) {
            mCallback.showDetailFragment(view, 1);
        }
    }
});

view.findViewById(R.id.image_second).setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
    @Override
    public void onClick(View view) {
        if (mCallback != null) {
            mCallback.showDetailFragment(view, 2);
        }
     }
});

In the DetailFragment, the ImageView of the shared element also needs the unique transitionName attribute.

<ImageView
    android:id="@+id/image_shared"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_gravity="center"
    android:transitionName="sharedImage" />

In the onCreateView() method of the DetailFragment, we have to decide which image resource should be shown (if we don't do that, the shared element will disappear after the transition).

public static DetailFragment newInstance(Bundle args) {
    DetailFragment fragment = new DetailFragment();
    fragment.setArguments(args);
    return fragment;
}

@Nullable
@Override
public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreateView(inflater, container, savedInstanceState);
    View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_detail, container, false);

    ImageView sharedImage = (ImageView) view.findViewById(R.id.image_shared);

    // Check which resource should be shown.
    int type = getArguments().getInt("type");

    // Show image based on the type.
    switch (type) {
        case 1:
            sharedImage.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.ic_first);
            break;

        case 2:
            sharedImage.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.ic_second);
            break;
    }

    return view;
}

The parent Activity is receiving the callbacks and handles the replacement of the fragments.

@Override
public void showDetailFragment(View sharedElement, int type) {
    // Get the chooser fragment, which is shown in the moment.
    Fragment chooserFragment = getFragmentManager().findFragmentById(R.id.fragment_container);

    // Set up the DetailFragment and put the type as argument.
    Bundle args = new Bundle();
    args.putInt("type", type);
    Fragment fragment = DetailFragment.newInstance(args);

    // Set up the transaction.
    FragmentTransaction transaction = getFragmentManager().beginTransaction();

    // Define the shared element transition.
    fragment.setSharedElementEnterTransition(new DetailsTransition());
    fragment.setSharedElementReturnTransition(new DetailsTransition());

    // The rest of the views are just fading in/out.
    fragment.setEnterTransition(new Fade());
    chooserFragment.setExitTransition(new Fade());

    // Now use the image's view and the target transitionName to define the shared element.
    transaction.addSharedElement(sharedElement, "sharedImage");

    // Replace the fragment.
    transaction.replace(R.id.fragment_container, fragment, fragment.getClass().getSimpleName());

    // Enable back navigation with shared element transitions.
    transaction.addToBackStack(fragment.getClass().getSimpleName());

    // Finally press play.
    transaction.commit();
}

Not to forget - the Transition itself. This example moves and scales the shared element.

@TargetApi(Build.VERSION_CODES.LOLLIPOP)
public class DetailsTransition extends TransitionSet {

    public DetailsTransition() {
        setOrdering(ORDERING_TOGETHER);
        addTransition(new ChangeBounds()).
            addTransition(new ChangeTransform()).
            addTransition(new ChangeImageTransform());
    }

}
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