Bottom Sheets

Introduction

A bottom sheet is a sheet that slides up from the bottom edge of the screen.

Remarks

Bottom sheets slide up from the bottom of the screen to reveal more content.
They were added to the Android Support Library in v23.2.0 version.

Quick Setup

Make sure the following dependency is added to your app's build.gradle file under dependencies:

compile 'com.android.support:design:25.3.1'

Then you can use the Bottom sheet using these options:

BottomSheetBehavior like Google maps

2.1.x

This example depends on Support Library 23.4.0.+.

BottomSheetBehavior is characterized by :

  1. Two toolbars with animations that respond to the bottom sheet movements.
  2. A FAB that hides when it is near to the "modal toolbar" (the one that appears when you are sliding up).
  3. A backdrop image behind bottom sheet with some kind of parallax effect.
  4. A Title (TextView) in Toolbar that appears when bottom sheet reach it.
  5. The notification satus bar can turn its background to transparent or full color.
  6. A custom bottom sheet behavior with an "anchor" state.

Now let's check them one by one:

ToolBars
When you open that view in Google Maps, you can see a toolbar in where you can search, it's the only one that I'm not doing exactly like Google Maps, because I wanted to do it more generic. Anyway that ToolBar is inside an AppBarLayout and it got hidden when you start dragging the BottomSheet and it appears again when the BottomSheet reach the COLLAPSED state.
To achieve it you need to:

  • create a Behavior and extend it from AppBarLayout.ScrollingViewBehavior
  • override layoutDependsOn and onDependentViewChanged methods. Doing it you will listen for bottomSheet movements.
  • create some methods to hide and unhide the AppBarLayout/ToolBar with animations.

This is how I did it for first toolbar or ActionBar:

@Override
public boolean layoutDependsOn(CoordinatorLayout parent, View child, View dependency) {
    return dependency instanceof NestedScrollView;
}

@Override
public boolean onDependentViewChanged(CoordinatorLayout parent, View child,
                                      View dependency) {

    if (mChild == null) {
        initValues(child, dependency);
        return false;
    }

    float dVerticalScroll = dependency.getY() - mPreviousY;
    mPreviousY = dependency.getY();

    //going up
    if (dVerticalScroll <= 0 && !hidden) {
        dismissAppBar(child);
        return true;
    }

    return false;
}

private void initValues(final View child, View dependency) {

    mChild = child;
    mInitialY = child.getY();

    BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike bottomSheetBehavior = BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike.from(dependency);
    bottomSheetBehavior.addBottomSheetCallback(new BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike.BottomSheetCallback() {
        @Override
        public void onStateChanged(@NonNull View bottomSheet, @BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike.State int newState) {
            if (newState == BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike.STATE_COLLAPSED ||
                    newState == BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike.STATE_HIDDEN)
                showAppBar(child);
        }

        @Override
        public void onSlide(@NonNull View bottomSheet, float slideOffset) {

        }
    });
}

private void dismissAppBar(View child){
    hidden = true;
    AppBarLayout appBarLayout = (AppBarLayout)child;
    mToolbarAnimation = appBarLayout.animate().setDuration(mContext.getResources().getInteger(android.R.integer.config_shortAnimTime));
    mToolbarAnimation.y(-(mChild.getHeight()+25)).start();
}

private void showAppBar(View child) {
    hidden = false;
    AppBarLayout appBarLayout = (AppBarLayout)child;
    mToolbarAnimation = appBarLayout.animate().setDuration(mContext.getResources().getInteger(android.R.integer.config_mediumAnimTime));
    mToolbarAnimation.y(mInitialY).start();
}

Here is the complete file if you need it

The second Toolbar or "Modal" toolbar:
You have to override the same methods, but in this one you have to take care of more behaviors:

  • show/hide the ToolBar with animations
  • change status bar color/background
  • show/hide the BottomSheet title in the ToolBar
  • close the bottomSheet or send it to collapsed state

The code for this one is a little extensive, so I will let the link

The FAB

This is a Custom Behavior too, but extends from FloatingActionButton.Behavior. In onDependentViewChanged you have to look when it reach the "offSet" or point in where you want to hide it. In my case I want to hide it when it's near to the second toolbar, so I dig into FAB parent (a CoordinatorLayout) looking for the AppBarLayout that contains the ToolBar, then I use the ToolBar position like OffSet:

@Override
public boolean onDependentViewChanged(CoordinatorLayout parent, FloatingActionButton child, View dependency) {

    if (offset == 0)
        setOffsetValue(parent);

    if (dependency.getY() <=0)
        return false;

    if (child.getY() <= (offset + child.getHeight()) && child.getVisibility() == View.VISIBLE)
        child.hide();
    else if (child.getY() > offset && child.getVisibility() != View.VISIBLE)
        child.show();

    return false;
}

Complete Custom FAB Behavior link

The image behind the BottomSheet with parallax effect:
Like the others, it's a custom behavior, the only "complicated" thing in this one is the little algorithm that keeps the image anchored to the BottomSheet and avoid the image collapse like default parallax effect:

@Override
public boolean onDependentViewChanged(CoordinatorLayout parent, View child,
                                      View dependency) {

    if (mYmultiplier == 0) {
        initValues(child, dependency);
        return true;
    }

    float dVerticalScroll = dependency.getY() - mPreviousY;
    mPreviousY = dependency.getY();

    //going up
    if (dVerticalScroll <= 0 && child.getY() <= 0) {
        child.setY(0);
        return true;
    }

    //going down
    if (dVerticalScroll >= 0 && dependency.getY() <= mImageHeight)
        return false;

    child.setY( (int)(child.getY() + (dVerticalScroll * mYmultiplier) ) );

    return true;
}


The complete file for backdrop image with parallax effect

Now for the end: The Custom BottomSheet Behavior
To achieve the 3 steps, first you need to understand that default BottomSheetBehavior has 5 states: STATE_DRAGGING, STATE_SETTLING, STATE_EXPANDED, STATE_COLLAPSED, STATE_HIDDEN and for the Google Maps behavior you need to add a middle state between collapsed and expanded: STATE_ANCHOR_POINT.
I tried to extend the default bottomSheetBehavior with no success, so I just copy pasted all the code and modified what I need.
To achieve what I'm talking about follow the next steps:

  1. Create a Java class and extend it from CoordinatorLayout.Behavior<V>

  2. Copy paste code from default BottomSheetBehavior file to your new one.

  3. Modify the method clampViewPositionVertical with the following code:

    @Override
    public int clampViewPositionVertical(View child, int top, int dy) {
        return constrain(top, mMinOffset, mHideable ? mParentHeight : mMaxOffset);
    }
    int constrain(int amount, int low, int high) {
        return amount < low ? low : (amount > high ? high : amount);
    }
    
  4. Add a new state

    public static final int STATE_ANCHOR_POINT = X;

  5. Modify the next methods: onLayoutChild, onStopNestedScroll, BottomSheetBehavior<V> from(V view) and setState (optional)



public boolean onLayoutChild(CoordinatorLayout parent, V child, int layoutDirection) {
    // First let the parent lay it out
    if (mState != STATE_DRAGGING && mState != STATE_SETTLING) {
        if (ViewCompat.getFitsSystemWindows(parent) &&
                !ViewCompat.getFitsSystemWindows(child)) {
            ViewCompat.setFitsSystemWindows(child, true);
        }
        parent.onLayoutChild(child, layoutDirection);
    }
    // Offset the bottom sheet
    mParentHeight = parent.getHeight();
    mMinOffset = Math.max(0, mParentHeight - child.getHeight());
    mMaxOffset = Math.max(mParentHeight - mPeekHeight, mMinOffset);

    //if (mState == STATE_EXPANDED) {
    //    ViewCompat.offsetTopAndBottom(child, mMinOffset);
    //} else if (mHideable && mState == STATE_HIDDEN...
    if (mState == STATE_ANCHOR_POINT) {
        ViewCompat.offsetTopAndBottom(child, mAnchorPoint);
    } else if (mState == STATE_EXPANDED) {
        ViewCompat.offsetTopAndBottom(child, mMinOffset);
    } else if (mHideable && mState == STATE_HIDDEN) {
        ViewCompat.offsetTopAndBottom(child, mParentHeight);
    } else if (mState == STATE_COLLAPSED) {
        ViewCompat.offsetTopAndBottom(child, mMaxOffset);
    }
    if (mViewDragHelper == null) {
        mViewDragHelper = ViewDragHelper.create(parent, mDragCallback);
    }
    mViewRef = new WeakReference<>(child);
    mNestedScrollingChildRef = new WeakReference<>(findScrollingChild(child));
    return true;
}


public void onStopNestedScroll(CoordinatorLayout coordinatorLayout, V child, View target) {
    if (child.getTop() == mMinOffset) {
        setStateInternal(STATE_EXPANDED);
        return;
    }
    if (target != mNestedScrollingChildRef.get() || !mNestedScrolled) {
        return;
    }
    int top;
    int targetState;
    if (mLastNestedScrollDy > 0) {
        //top = mMinOffset;
        //targetState = STATE_EXPANDED;
        int currentTop = child.getTop();
        if (currentTop > mAnchorPoint) {
            top = mAnchorPoint;
            targetState = STATE_ANCHOR_POINT;
        }
        else {
            top = mMinOffset;
            targetState = STATE_EXPANDED;
        }
    } else if (mHideable && shouldHide(child, getYVelocity())) {
        top = mParentHeight;
        targetState = STATE_HIDDEN;
    } else if (mLastNestedScrollDy == 0) {
        int currentTop = child.getTop();
        if (Math.abs(currentTop - mMinOffset) < Math.abs(currentTop - mMaxOffset)) {
            top = mMinOffset;
            targetState = STATE_EXPANDED;
        } else {
            top = mMaxOffset;
            targetState = STATE_COLLAPSED;
        }
    } else {
        //top = mMaxOffset;
        //targetState = STATE_COLLAPSED;
        int currentTop = child.getTop();
        if (currentTop > mAnchorPoint) {
            top = mMaxOffset;
            targetState = STATE_COLLAPSED;
        }
        else {
            top = mAnchorPoint;
            targetState = STATE_ANCHOR_POINT;
        }
    }
    if (mViewDragHelper.smoothSlideViewTo(child, child.getLeft(), top)) {
        setStateInternal(STATE_SETTLING);
        ViewCompat.postOnAnimation(child, new SettleRunnable(child, targetState));
    } else {
        setStateInternal(targetState);
    }
    mNestedScrolled = false;
}

public final void setState(@State int state) {
    if (state == mState) {
        return;
    }
    if (mViewRef == null) {
        // The view is not laid out yet; modify mState and let onLayoutChild handle it later
        /**
         * New behavior (added: state == STATE_ANCHOR_POINT ||)
         */
        if (state == STATE_COLLAPSED || state == STATE_EXPANDED ||
                state == STATE_ANCHOR_POINT ||
                (mHideable && state == STATE_HIDDEN)) {
            mState = state;
        }
        return;
    }
    V child = mViewRef.get();
    if (child == null) {
        return;
    }
    int top;
    if (state == STATE_COLLAPSED) {
        top = mMaxOffset;
    } else if (state == STATE_ANCHOR_POINT) {
        top = mAnchorPoint;
    } else if (state == STATE_EXPANDED) {
        top = mMinOffset;
    } else if (mHideable && state == STATE_HIDDEN) {
        top = mParentHeight;
    } else {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException("Illegal state argument: " + state);
    }
    setStateInternal(STATE_SETTLING);
    if (mViewDragHelper.smoothSlideViewTo(child, child.getLeft(), top)) {
        ViewCompat.postOnAnimation(child, new SettleRunnable(child, state));
    }
}


public static <V extends View> BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike<V> from(V view) {
    ViewGroup.LayoutParams params = view.getLayoutParams();
    if (!(params instanceof CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams)) {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException("The view is not a child of CoordinatorLayout");
    }
    CoordinatorLayout.Behavior behavior = ((CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams) params)
            .getBehavior();
    if (!(behavior instanceof BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike)) {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException(
                "The view is not associated with BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike");
    }
    return (BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike<V>) behavior;
}



Link to the whole project where you can see all the Custom Behaviors

And here it is how it looks like:
[CustomBottomSheetBehavior]

The BottomSheetDialog is a dialog styled as a bottom sheet

Just use:

//Create a new BottomSheetDialog
BottomSheetDialog dialog = new BottomSheetDialog(context);
//Inflate the layout R.layout.my_dialog_layout
dialog.setContentView(R.layout.my_dialog_layout);
//Show the dialog
dialog.show();

In this case you don't need to attach a BottomSheet behavior.

You can realize a modal bottom sheets using a BottomSheetDialogFragment.

The BottomSheetDialogFragment is a modal bottom sheet.
This is a version of DialogFragment that shows a bottom sheet using BottomSheetDialog instead of a floating dialog.

Just define the fragment:

public class MyBottomSheetDialogFragment extends BottomSheetDialogFragment {

    @Override
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
            Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        return inflater.inflate(R.layout.my_fragment_bottom_sheet, container);
    }
}

Then use this code to show the fragment:

MyBottomSheetDialogFragment mySheetDialog = new MyBottomSheetDialogFragment();
FragmentManager fm = getSupportFragmentManager();
mySheetDialog.show(fm, "modalSheetDialog");

This Fragment will create a BottomSheetDialog.

Open BottomSheet DialogFragment in Expanded mode by default.

BottomSheet DialogFragment opens up in STATE_COLLAPSED by default. Which can be forced to open to STATE_EXPANDEDand take up the full device screen with help of the following code template.

@NonNull @Override public Dialog onCreateDialog(Bundle savedInstanceState) {

    BottomSheetDialog dialog = (BottomSheetDialog) super.onCreateDialog(savedInstanceState);

    dialog.setOnShowListener(new DialogInterface.OnShowListener() {
        @Override
        public void onShow(DialogInterface dialog) {
            BottomSheetDialog d = (BottomSheetDialog) dialog;

            FrameLayout bottomSheet = (FrameLayout) d.findViewById(android.support.design.R.id.design_bottom_sheet);
            BottomSheetBehavior.from(bottomSheet).setState(BottomSheetBehavior.STATE_EXPANDED);
        }
    });

    // Do something with your dialog like setContentView() or whatever
    return dialog;
}

Although dialog animation is slightly noticeable but does the task of opening the DialogFragment in full screen very well.

Persistent Bottom Sheets

You can achieve a Persistent Bottom Sheet attaching a BottomSheetBehavior to a child View of a CoordinatorLayout:

<android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout >

    <!-- .....   -->

    <LinearLayout
       android:id="@+id/bottom_sheet"
       android:elevation="4dp"
       android:minHeight="120dp"
       app:behavior_peekHeight="120dp"
       ...
       app:layout_behavior="android.support.design.widget.BottomSheetBehavior">

           <!-- .....   -->

       </LinearLayout>

</android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout>

Then in your code you can create a reference using:

 // The View with the BottomSheetBehavior  
 View bottomSheet = coordinatorLayout.findViewById(R.id.bottom_sheet);  
 BottomSheetBehavior mBottomSheetBehavior = BottomSheetBehavior.from(bottomSheet);  

You can set the state of your BottomSheetBehavior using the setState() method:

mBottomSheetBehavior.setState(BottomSheetBehavior.STATE_EXPANDED);

You can use one of these states:

  • STATE_COLLAPSED: this collapsed state is the default and shows just a portion of the layout along the bottom. The height can be controlled with the app:behavior_peekHeight attribute (defaults to 0)

  • STATE_EXPANDED: the fully expanded state of the bottom sheet, where either the whole bottom sheet is visible (if its height is less than the containing CoordinatorLayout) or the entire CoordinatorLayout is filled

  • STATE_HIDDEN: disabled by default (and enabled with the app:behavior_hideable attribute), enabling this allows users to swipe down on the bottom sheet to completely hide the bottom sheet

If you’d like to receive callbacks of state changes, you can add a BottomSheetCallback:

mBottomSheetBehavior.setBottomSheetCallback(new BottomSheetCallback() {  
    @Override  
    public void onStateChanged(@NonNull View bottomSheet, int newState) {  
      // React to state change  
    }  
      @Override  
      public void onSlide(@NonNull View bottomSheet, float slideOffset) {  
       // React to dragging events  
   }  
 });  
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