Android: install .apk programmatically


Question

I made this with help from Android download binary file problems and Install Application programmatically on Android.

I want to make auto-update and auto-install at once. It is local so it's non-market application.

Here is my code for it:

public void Update(String apkurl){
    try {
        URL url = new URL(apkurl);
        HttpURLConnection c = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
        c.setRequestMethod("GET");
        c.setDoOutput(true);
        c.connect();

        String PATH = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/download/";
        File file = new File(PATH);
        file.mkdirs();
        File outputFile = new File(file, "app.apk");
        FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(outputFile);

        InputStream is = c.getInputStream();

        byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
        int len1 = 0;
        while ((len1 = is.read(buffer)) != -1) {
            fos.write(buffer, 0, len1);
        }
        fos.close();
        is.close();//till here, it works fine - .apk is download to my sdcard in download file

        Intent promptInstall = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW)
            .setData(Uri.parse(PATH+"app.apk"))
            .setType("application/android.com.app");
        startActivity(promptInstall);//installation is not working

    } catch (IOException e) {
        Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Update error!", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
    }
}  

My permissions are INTERNET, WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE, INSTALL_PACKAGES, and DELETE_PACKAGES.

When Intent promptInstall is loaded, the app crashes =/

So, am I missing permissions or is my code incorrect, or is there a better way to do this?

1
332
2/24/2018 9:12:16 AM

Accepted Answer

I solved the problem. I made mistake in setData(Uri) and setType(String).

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
intent.setDataAndType(Uri.fromFile(new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/download/" + "app.apk")), "application/vnd.android.package-archive");
intent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
startActivity(intent);

That is correct now, my auto-update is working. Thanks for help. =)

Edit 20.7.2016:

After a long time, I had to use this way of updating again in another project. I encountered a number of problems with old solution. A lot of things have changed in that time, so I had to do this with a different approach. Here is the code:

    //get destination to update file and set Uri
    //TODO: First I wanted to store my update .apk file on internal storage for my app but apparently android does not allow you to open and install
    //aplication with existing package from there. So for me, alternative solution is Download directory in external storage. If there is better
    //solution, please inform us in comment
    String destination = Environment.getExternalStoragePublicDirectory(Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS) + "/";
    String fileName = "AppName.apk";
    destination += fileName;
    final Uri uri = Uri.parse("file://" + destination);

    //Delete update file if exists
    File file = new File(destination);
    if (file.exists())
    //file.delete() - test this, I think sometimes it doesnt work
        file.delete();

    //get url of app on server
    String url = Main.this.getString(R.string.update_app_url);

    //set downloadmanager
    DownloadManager.Request request = new DownloadManager.Request(Uri.parse(url));
    request.setDescription(Main.this.getString(R.string.notification_description));
    request.setTitle(Main.this.getString(R.string.app_name));

    //set destination
    request.setDestinationUri(uri);

    // get download service and enqueue file
    final DownloadManager manager = (DownloadManager) getSystemService(Context.DOWNLOAD_SERVICE);
    final long downloadId = manager.enqueue(request);

    //set BroadcastReceiver to install app when .apk is downloaded
    BroadcastReceiver onComplete = new BroadcastReceiver() {
        public void onReceive(Context ctxt, Intent intent) {
            Intent install = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
            install.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TOP);
            install.setDataAndType(uri,
                    manager.getMimeTypeForDownloadedFile(downloadId));
            startActivity(install);

            unregisterReceiver(this);
            finish();
        }
    };
    //register receiver for when .apk download is compete
    registerReceiver(onComplete, new IntentFilter(DownloadManager.ACTION_DOWNLOAD_COMPLETE));
380
7/24/2017 2:43:23 PM

For ICS I´ve implemented your code and made a class that extends AsyncTask. I hope you appreciate it! Thanks for your code and solution.

public class UpdateApp extends AsyncTask<String,Void,Void>{
    private Context context;
    public void setContext(Context contextf){
        context = contextf;
    }

    @Override
    protected Void doInBackground(String... arg0) {
        try {
            URL url = new URL(arg0[0]);
            HttpURLConnection c = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            c.setRequestMethod("GET");
            c.setDoOutput(true);
            c.connect();

            String PATH = "/mnt/sdcard/Download/";
            File file = new File(PATH);
            file.mkdirs();
            File outputFile = new File(file, "update.apk");
            if(outputFile.exists()){
                outputFile.delete();
            }
            FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(outputFile);

            InputStream is = c.getInputStream();

            byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
            int len1 = 0;
            while ((len1 = is.read(buffer)) != -1) {
                fos.write(buffer, 0, len1);
            }
            fos.close();
            is.close();

            Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
            intent.setDataAndType(Uri.fromFile(new File("/mnt/sdcard/Download/update.apk")), "application/vnd.android.package-archive");
            intent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK); // without this flag android returned a intent error!
            context.startActivity(intent);


        } catch (Exception e) {
            Log.e("UpdateAPP", "Update error! " + e.getMessage());
        }
        return null;
    }
}   

To use it, in your main activity call by this way:

atualizaApp = new UpdateApp();
atualizaApp.setContext(getApplicationContext());
atualizaApp.execute("http://serverurl/appfile.apk");

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