Update UI from Thread


Question

I want to update my UI from a Thread which updates a Progressbar. Unfortunately, when updating the progressbar's drawable from the "runnable" the progressbar disappears! Changing the progressbars's drawable in onCreate() on the otherside works!

Any Suggestions?

public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    res = getResources();
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.gameone);
    pB.setProgressDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.green)); //**Works**/
    handler.postDelayed(runnable, 1);       
}

private Runnable runnable = new Runnable() {
    public void run() {  
        runOnUiThread(new Runnable() { 
            public void run() 
            { 
                //* The Complete ProgressBar does not appear**/                         
                pB.setProgressDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.green)); 
            } 
        }); 
    }
}
1
52
1/26/2012 12:20:39 PM

You should do this with the help of AsyncTask (an intelligent backround thread) and ProgressDialog

AsyncTask enables proper and easy use of the UI thread. This class allows to perform background operations and publish results on the UI thread without having to manipulate threads and/or handlers.

An asynchronous task is defined by a computation that runs on a background thread and whose result is published on the UI thread. An asynchronous task is defined by 3 generic types, called Params, Progress and Result, and 4 steps, called begin, doInBackground, processProgress and end.

The 4 steps

When an asynchronous task is executed, the task goes through 4 steps:

onPreExecute(), invoked on the UI thread immediately after the task is executed. This step is normally used to setup the task, for instance by showing a progress bar in the user interface.

doInBackground(Params...), invoked on the background thread immediately after onPreExecute() finishes executing. This step is used to perform background computation that can take a long time. The parameters of the asynchronous task are passed to this step. The result of the computation must be returned by this step and will be passed back to the last step. This step can also use publishProgress(Progress...) to publish one or more units of progress. These values are published on the UI thread, in the onProgressUpdate(Progress...) step.

onProgressUpdate(Progress...), invoked on the UI thread after a call to publishProgress(Progress...). The timing of the execution is undefined. This method is used to display any form of progress in the user interface while the background computation is still executing. For instance, it can be used to animate a progress bar or show logs in a text field.

onPostExecute(Result), invoked on the UI thread after the background computation finishes. The result of the background computation is passed to this step as a parameter. Threading rules

There are a few threading rules that must be followed for this class to work properly:

The task instance must be created on the UI thread. execute(Params...) must be invoked on the UI thread. Do not call onPreExecute(), onPostExecute(Result), doInBackground(Params...), onProgressUpdate(Progress...) manually. The task can be executed only once (an exception will be thrown if a second execution is attempted.)

Example code
What the adapter does in this example is not important, more important to understand that you need to use AsyncTask to display a dialog for the progress.

private class PrepareAdapter1 extends AsyncTask<Void,Void,ContactsListCursorAdapter > {
    ProgressDialog dialog;
    @Override
    protected void onPreExecute() {
        dialog = new ProgressDialog(viewContacts.this);
        dialog.setMessage(getString(R.string.please_wait_while_loading));
        dialog.setIndeterminate(true);
        dialog.setCancelable(false);
        dialog.show();
    }
    /* (non-Javadoc)
     * @see android.os.AsyncTask#doInBackground(Params[])
     */
    @Override
    protected ContactsListCursorAdapter doInBackground(Void... params) {
        cur1 = objItem.getContacts();
        startManagingCursor(cur1);

        adapter1 = new ContactsListCursorAdapter (viewContacts.this,
                R.layout.contact_for_listitem, cur1, new String[] {}, new int[] {});

        return adapter1;
    }

    protected void onPostExecute(ContactsListCursorAdapter result) {
        list.setAdapter(result);
        dialog.dismiss();
    }
}
62
12/6/2010 8:47:15 PM

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