How to convert byte size into human readable format in java?


Question

How to convert byte size into human-readable format in Java? Like 1024 should become "1 Kb" and 1024*1024 should become "1 Mb".

I am kind of sick of writing this utility method for each project. Are there any static methods in Apache Commons for this?

1
494
12/13/2018 12:39:24 PM

Accepted Answer

Here is my go at it (no loops and handles both SI units and binary units):

public static String humanReadableByteCount(long bytes, boolean si) {
    int unit = si ? 1000 : 1024;
    if (bytes < unit) return bytes + " B";
    int exp = (int) (Math.log(bytes) / Math.log(unit));
    String pre = (si ? "kMGTPE" : "KMGTPE").charAt(exp-1) + (si ? "" : "i");
    return String.format("%.1f %sB", bytes / Math.pow(unit, exp), pre);
}

Example output:

                              SI     BINARY

                   0:        0 B        0 B
                  27:       27 B       27 B
                 999:      999 B      999 B
                1000:     1.0 kB     1000 B
                1023:     1.0 kB     1023 B
                1024:     1.0 kB    1.0 KiB
                1728:     1.7 kB    1.7 KiB
              110592:   110.6 kB  108.0 KiB
             7077888:     7.1 MB    6.8 MiB
           452984832:   453.0 MB  432.0 MiB
         28991029248:    29.0 GB   27.0 GiB
       1855425871872:     1.9 TB    1.7 TiB
 9223372036854775807:     9.2 EB    8.0 EiB   (Long.MAX_VALUE)

Related article: Java: Formatting byte size to human readable format

1194
10/29/2016 3:58:01 AM

FileUtils.byteCountToDisplaySize(long size) would work if your project can depend on org.apache.commons.io.

JavaDoc for this method


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