Android button with different background colors


Question

i want to change the background-color of a button using a selector-xml-file. My approach is basically the one from the example at the bottom this page: http://developer.android.com/guide/topics/resources/color-list-resource.html

i have a res/color/button_text.xml which looks like this:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <item android:state_pressed="true"
          android:color="#ffff0000"/> <!-- pressed -->
    <item android:state_focused="true"
          android:color="#ff0000ff"/> <!-- focused -->
    <item android:color="#ff000000"/> <!-- default -->
</selector>

and my layout contains the following code:

<Button
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:text="@string/button_text"
    **android:background="@color/button_text"** /> 

(** is only there to show you that i use android:background instead of android:textcolor)

this code crashes. it says "Binary XML file line #4 tag requires 'drawable' attribute or child tag defining drawable. But if I try it with android:textColor as described in the above link it works fine. So it has to be the background issue. I don't want to create a 9patch-png if it's not necessary (basically i just need a "clickable" rectangle so i use a button with a colored background)

1
35
9/17/2010 8:43:38 PM

As your error states, you have to define drawable attibute for the items (for some reason it is required when it comes to background definitions), so:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <item android:state_pressed="true" android:drawable="@color/red"/> <!-- pressed -->
    <item android:state_focused="true" android:drawable="@color/blue"/> <!-- focused -->
    <item android:drawable="@color/black"/> <!-- default -->
</selector>

Also note that drawable attribute doesn't accept raw color values, so you have to define the colors as resources. Create colors.xml file at res/values folder:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
     <color name="black">#000</color>
     <color name="blue">#00f</color>
     <color name="red">#f00</color>
</resources>
81
3/13/2012 7:27:25 PM

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