Custom ImageView with drop shadow


Question

Okay, I've been reading and searching around, and am now banging my head against the wall trying to figure this out. Here's what I have so far:

package com.pockdroid.sandbox;

import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Canvas;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.graphics.Paint;
import android.graphics.Rect;
import android.widget.ImageView;

public class ShadowImageView extends ImageView {

private Rect mRect;
private Paint mPaint;

public ShadowImageView(Context context)
{
    super(context);
    mRect = new Rect();
    mPaint = new Paint();
    mPaint.setAntiAlias(true);
    mPaint.setShadowLayer(2f, 1f, 1f, Color.BLACK);
}

@Override
protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) 
{
    Rect r = mRect;
    Paint paint = mPaint;

    canvas.drawRect(r, paint);
    super.onDraw(canvas);
}

@Override
protected void onMeasure(int w, int h)
{
    super.onMeasure(w,h);
    int mH, mW;
    mW = getSuggestedMinimumWidth() < getMeasuredWidth()? getMeasuredWidth() : getSuggestedMinimumWidth();
    mH = getSuggestedMinimumHeight() < getMeasuredHeight()? getMeasuredHeight() : getSuggestedMinimumHeight();
    setMeasuredDimension(mW + 5, mH + 5);
}

}

The "+5" in the measurements are there as temporary; From what I understand I'll need to do some math to determine the size that the drop shadow adds to the canvas, right?

But when I use this:

public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
    ShadowImageView sImageView;
    if (convertView == null) {
        sImageView = new ShadowImageView(mContext);
        GridView.LayoutParams lp = new GridView.LayoutParams(85, 85);
        sImageView.setLayoutParams(lp);

        sImageView.setScaleType(ImageView.ScaleType.CENTER);
        sImageView.setPadding(5,5,5,5);
    } else {
        sImageView = (ShadowImageView) convertView;
    }

    sImageView.setImageBitmap(bitmapList.get(position));
    return sImageView;
}

in my ImageView, I still get just a normal ImageView when I run the program.

Any thoughts? Thanks.

EDIT: So I spoke with RomainGuy some in the IRC channel, and I have it working now for plain rectangular images with the below code. It still won't draw the shadow directly to my bitmap's transparency though, so I'm still working on that.

@Override
protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) 
{
    Bitmap bmp = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(getResources(), R.drawable.omen);
    Paint paint = new Paint();
    paint.setAntiAlias(true);
    paint.setShadowLayer(5.5f, 6.0f, 6.0f, Color.BLACK);
    canvas.drawColor(Color.GRAY);
    canvas.drawRect(50, 50, 50 + bmp.getWidth(), 50 + bmp.getHeight(), paint);
    canvas.drawBitmap(bmp, 50, 50, null);       
}
1
94
9/18/2010 6:44:49 AM

Accepted Answer

Okay, I don't foresee any more answers on this one, so what I ended up going with for now is just a solution for rectangular images. I've used the following NinePatch:

alt text

along with the appropriate padding in XML:

<ImageView
        android:id="@+id/image_test"
        android:background="@drawable/drop_shadow"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:paddingLeft="6px"
        android:paddingTop="4px"
        android:paddingRight="8px"
        android:paddingBottom="9px"
        android:src="@drawable/pic1"
        />

to get a fairly good result:

alt text

Not ideal, but it'll do.

120
12/10/2010 2:43:51 AM

This is taken from Romain Guy's presentation at Devoxx, pdf found here.

Paint mShadow = new Paint(); 
// radius=10, y-offset=2, color=black 
mShadow.setShadowLayer(10.0f, 0.0f, 2.0f, 0xFF000000); 
// in onDraw(Canvas) 
canvas.drawBitmap(bitmap, 0.0f, 0.0f, mShadow);

Hope this helps.

NOTES

  1. Don't forget for Honeycomb and above you need to invoke setLayerType(LAYER_TYPE_SOFTWARE, mShadow), otherwise you will not see your shadow! (@Dmitriy_Boichenko)
  2. SetShadowLayer does not work with hardware acceleration unfortunately so it greatly reduces performances (@Matt Wear) [1] [2]

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