Set the absolute position of a view


Question

Is it possible to set the absolute position of a view in Android? (I know that there is an AbsoluteLayout, but it's deprecated...)

For example, if I have a 240x320px screen, how could I add an ImageView which is 20x20px such that its center is at the position (100,100)?

1
175
3/3/2016 6:34:31 PM

Accepted Answer

You can use RelativeLayout. Let's say you wanted a 30x40 ImageView at position (50,60) inside your layout. Somewhere in your activity:

// Some existing RelativeLayout from your layout xml
RelativeLayout rl = (RelativeLayout) findViewById(R.id.my_relative_layout);

ImageView iv = new ImageView(this);

RelativeLayout.LayoutParams params = new RelativeLayout.LayoutParams(30, 40);
params.leftMargin = 50;
params.topMargin = 60;
rl.addView(iv, params);

More examples:

Places two 30x40 ImageViews (one yellow, one red) at (50,60) and (80,90), respectively:

RelativeLayout rl = (RelativeLayout) findViewById(R.id.my_relative_layout);
ImageView iv;
RelativeLayout.LayoutParams params;

iv = new ImageView(this);
iv.setBackgroundColor(Color.YELLOW);
params = new RelativeLayout.LayoutParams(30, 40);
params.leftMargin = 50;
params.topMargin = 60;
rl.addView(iv, params);

iv = new ImageView(this);
iv.setBackgroundColor(Color.RED);
params = new RelativeLayout.LayoutParams(30, 40);
params.leftMargin = 80;
params.topMargin = 90;
rl.addView(iv, params);

Places one 30x40 yellow ImageView at (50,60) and another 30x40 red ImageView <80,90> relative to the yellow ImageView:

RelativeLayout rl = (RelativeLayout) findViewById(R.id.my_relative_layout);
ImageView iv;
RelativeLayout.LayoutParams params;

int yellow_iv_id = 123; // Some arbitrary ID value.

iv = new ImageView(this);
iv.setId(yellow_iv_id);
iv.setBackgroundColor(Color.YELLOW);
params = new RelativeLayout.LayoutParams(30, 40);
params.leftMargin = 50;
params.topMargin = 60;
rl.addView(iv, params);

iv = new ImageView(this);
iv.setBackgroundColor(Color.RED);
params = new RelativeLayout.LayoutParams(30, 40);
params.leftMargin = 80;
params.topMargin = 90;

// This line defines how params.leftMargin and params.topMargin are interpreted.
// In this case, "<80,90>" means <80,90> to the right of the yellow ImageView.
params.addRule(RelativeLayout.RIGHT_OF, yellow_iv_id);

rl.addView(iv, params);
263
7/21/2010 9:31:38 PM

In general, you can add a View in a specific position using a FrameLayout as container by specifying the leftMargin and topMargin attributes.

The following example will place a 20x20px ImageView at position (100,200) using a FrameLayout as fullscreen container:

XML

<FrameLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/root"
    android:background="#33AAFF"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent" >
</FrameLayout>

Activity / Fragment / Custom view

//...
FrameLayout root = (FrameLayout)findViewById(R.id.root);
ImageView img = new ImageView(this);
img.setBackgroundColor(Color.RED);
//..load something inside the ImageView, we just set the background color

FrameLayout.LayoutParams params = new FrameLayout.LayoutParams(20, 20);
params.leftMargin = 100;
params.topMargin  = 200;
root.addView(img, params);
//...

This will do the trick because margins can be used as absolute (X,Y) coordinates without a RelativeLayout:

enter image description here


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