Sending POST data in Android


Question

I'm experienced with PHP, JavaScript and a lot of other scripting languages, but I don't have a lot of experience with Java or Android.

I'm looking for a way to send POST data to a PHP script and display the result.

1
270
12/23/2016 2:48:47 PM

Accepted Answer

* Updated Answer which works on Android 6.0+. Thanks to @Rohit Suthar, @Tamis Bolvari and @sudhiskr for the comments. *

    public class CallAPI extends AsyncTask<String, String, String> {

        public CallAPI(){
            //set context variables if required
        }

        @Override
        protected void onPreExecute() {
            super.onPreExecute();
        }

         @Override
         protected String doInBackground(String... params) {
            String urlString = params[0]; // URL to call
            String data = params[1]; //data to post
            OutputStream out = null;

            try {
                URL url = new URL(urlString);
                HttpURLConnection urlConnection = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
                out = new BufferedOutputStream(urlConnection.getOutputStream());

                BufferedWriter writer = new BufferedWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(out, "UTF-8"));
                writer.write(data);
                writer.flush();
                writer.close();
                out.close();

                urlConnection.connect();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                System.out.println(e.getMessage());
            }
        }
    }

References:

Older Answer

Note: This solution is outdated. It only works on Android devices up to 5.1. Android 6.0 and above do not include the Apache http client used in this answer.

Http Client from Apache Commons is the way to go. It is already included in android. Here's a simple example of how to do HTTP Post using it.

public void postData() {
    // Create a new HttpClient and Post Header
    HttpClient httpclient = new DefaultHttpClient();
    HttpPost httppost = new HttpPost("http://www.yoursite.com/script.php");

    try {
        // Add your data
        List<NameValuePair> nameValuePairs = new ArrayList<NameValuePair>(2);
        nameValuePairs.add(new BasicNameValuePair("id", "12345"));
        nameValuePairs.add(new BasicNameValuePair("stringdata", "Hi"));
        httppost.setEntity(new UrlEncodedFormEntity(nameValuePairs));

        // Execute HTTP Post Request
        HttpResponse response = httpclient.execute(httppost);

    } catch (ClientProtocolException e) {
        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
    } catch (IOException e) {
        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
    }
} 
310
7/30/2019 11:26:50 PM

for Android = > 5

The org.apache.http classes and the AndroidHttpClient class have been deprecated in Android 5.1. These classes are no longer being maintained and you should migrate any app code using these APIs to the URLConnection classes as soon as possible.

https://developer.android.com/about/versions/android-5.1.html#http

Thought of sharing my code using HttpUrlConnection

public String  performPostCall(String requestURL,
        HashMap<String, String> postDataParams) {

    URL url;
    String response = "";
    try {
        url = new URL(requestURL);

        HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
        conn.setReadTimeout(15000);
        conn.setConnectTimeout(15000);
        conn.setRequestMethod("GET");
        conn.setDoInput(true);
        conn.setDoOutput(true);


        OutputStream os = conn.getOutputStream();
        BufferedWriter writer = new BufferedWriter(
                new OutputStreamWriter(os, "UTF-8"));
        writer.write(getPostDataString(postDataParams));

        writer.flush();
        writer.close();
        os.close();
        int responseCode=conn.getResponseCode();

        if (responseCode == HttpsURLConnection.HTTP_OK) {
            String line;
            BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(conn.getInputStream()));
            while ((line=br.readLine()) != null) {
                response+=line;
            }
        }
        else {
            response="";    

        }
    } catch (Exception e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }

    return response;
}

...

private String getPostDataString(HashMap<String, String> params) throws UnsupportedEncodingException{
        StringBuilder result = new StringBuilder();
        boolean first = true;
        for(Map.Entry<String, String> entry : params.entrySet()){
            if (first)
                first = false;
            else
                result.append("&");

            result.append(URLEncoder.encode(entry.getKey(), "UTF-8"));
            result.append("=");
            result.append(URLEncoder.encode(entry.getValue(), "UTF-8"));
        }

        return result.toString();
    }

also you can Post method :

conn.setRequestMethod("POST");

Update 21/02/2016

for post request with json , see this example :

public class Empty extends
        AsyncTask<Void, Void, Boolean> {

    String urlString = "http://www.yoursite.com/";

    private final String TAG = "post json example";
    private Context context;

    private int advertisementId;

    public Empty(Context contex, int advertisementId) {

        this.context = contex;
        this.advertisementId = advertisementId;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPreExecute() {
        Log.e(TAG, "1 - RequestVoteTask is about to start...");

    }

    @Override
    protected Boolean doInBackground(Void... params) {
        boolean status = false;

        String response = "";
        Log.e(TAG, "2 - pre Request to response...");

        try {
            response = performPostCall(urlString, new HashMap<String, String>() {

                        private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

                        {
                            put("Accept", "application/json");
                            put("Content-Type", "application/json");
                        }
                    });
            Log.e(TAG, "3 - give Response...");
            Log.e(TAG, "4 " + response.toString());
        } catch (Exception e) {
            // displayLoding(false);

            Log.e(TAG, "Error ...");
        }
        Log.e(TAG, "5 - after Response...");

        if (!response.equalsIgnoreCase("")) {
            try {
                Log.e(TAG, "6 - response !empty...");
                //
                JSONObject jRoot = new JSONObject(response);
                JSONObject d = jRoot.getJSONObject("d");

                int ResultType = d.getInt("ResultType");
                Log.e("ResultType", ResultType + "");

                if (ResultType == 1) {

                    status = true;

                }

            } catch (JSONException e) {
                // displayLoding(false);
                // e.printStackTrace();
                Log.e(TAG, "Error " + e.getMessage());
            } finally {

            }
        } else {
            Log.e(TAG, "6 - response is empty...");

            status = false;
        }

        return status;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPostExecute(Boolean result) {
        //
        Log.e(TAG, "7 - onPostExecute ...");

        if (result) {
            Log.e(TAG, "8 - Update UI ...");

            // setUpdateUI(adv);
        } else {
            Log.e(TAG, "8 - Finish ...");

            // displayLoding(false);
            // finish();
        }

    }

    public String performPostCall(String requestURL,
                                  HashMap<String, String> postDataParams) {

        URL url;
        String response = "";
        try {
            url = new URL(requestURL);

            HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            conn.setReadTimeout(context.getResources().getInteger(
                    R.integer.maximum_timeout_to_server));
            conn.setConnectTimeout(context.getResources().getInteger(
                    R.integer.maximum_timeout_to_server));
            conn.setRequestMethod("POST");
            conn.setDoInput(true);
            conn.setDoOutput(true);

            conn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", "application/json");

            Log.e(TAG, "11 - url : " + requestURL);

            /*
             * JSON
             */

            JSONObject root = new JSONObject();
            //
            String token = Static.getPrefsToken(context);

            root.put("securityInfo", Static.getSecurityInfo(context));
            root.put("advertisementId", advertisementId);

            Log.e(TAG, "12 - root : " + root.toString());

            String str = root.toString();
            byte[] outputBytes = str.getBytes("UTF-8");
            OutputStream os = conn.getOutputStream();
            os.write(outputBytes);

            int responseCode = conn.getResponseCode();

            Log.e(TAG, "13 - responseCode : " + responseCode);

            if (responseCode == HttpsURLConnection.HTTP_OK) {
                Log.e(TAG, "14 - HTTP_OK");

                String line;
                BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(
                        conn.getInputStream()));
                while ((line = br.readLine()) != null) {
                    response += line;
                }
            } else {
                Log.e(TAG, "14 - False - HTTP_OK");
                response = "";
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return response;
    }
}

UPDATE 24/08/2016

Use some best library , such as :

because :

  • Avoid HttpUrlConnection and HttpClient

On lower API levels (mostly on Gingerbread and Froyo), HttpUrlConnection and HttpClient are far from being perfect

  • And Avoid AsyncTask Too
  • They are Much Faster
  • They Caches Everything

Since the introduction of Honeycomb (API 11), it's been mandatory to perform network operations on a separate thread, different from the main thread


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