What's the difference between setWebViewClient vs. setWebChromeClient?


Question

What's the difference between setWebViewClient vs. setWebChromeClient in Android?

1
214
2/17/2011 1:51:50 PM

Accepted Answer

From the source code:

// Instance of WebViewClient that is the client callback.
private volatile WebViewClient mWebViewClient;
// Instance of WebChromeClient for handling all chrome functions.
private volatile WebChromeClient mWebChromeClient;

// SOME OTHER SUTFFF.......

/**
 * Set the WebViewClient.
 * @param client An implementation of WebViewClient.
 */
public void setWebViewClient(WebViewClient client) {
    mWebViewClient = client;
}

/**
 * Set the WebChromeClient.
 * @param client An implementation of WebChromeClient.
 */
public void setWebChromeClient(WebChromeClient client) {
    mWebChromeClient = client;
}

Using WebChromeClient allows you to handle Javascript dialogs, favicons, titles, and the progress. Take a look of this example: Adding alert() support to a WebView

At first glance, there are too many differences WebViewClient & WebChromeClient. But, basically: if you are developing a WebView that won't require too many features but rendering HTML, you can just use a WebViewClient. On the other hand, if you want to (for instance) load the favicon of the page you are rendering, you should use a WebChromeClient object and override the onReceivedIcon(WebView view, Bitmap icon).

Most of the times, if you don't want to worry about those things... you can just do this:

webView= (WebView) findViewById(R.id.webview); 
webView.setWebChromeClient(new WebChromeClient()); 
webView.setWebViewClient(new WebViewClient()); 
webView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true); 
webView.loadUrl(url); 

And your WebView will (in theory) have all features implemented (as the android native browser).

137
11/5/2018 10:14:08 AM

I feel this question need a bit more details. My answer is inspired from the Android Programming, The Nerd Ranch Guide (2nd edition).

By default, JavaScript is off in WebView. You do not always need to have it on, but for some apps, might do require it.

Loading the URL has to be done after configuring the WebView, so you do that last. Before that, you turn JavaScript on by calling getSettings() to get an instance of WebSettings and calling WebSettings.setJavaScriptEnabled(true). WebSettings is the first of the three ways you can modify your WebView. It has various properties you can set, like the user agent string and text size.

After that, you configure your WebViewClient. WebViewClient is an event interface. By providing your own implementation of WebViewClient, you can respond to rendering events. For example, you could detect when the renderer starts loading an image from a particular URL or decide whether to resubmit a POST request to the server.

WebViewClient has many methods you can override, most of which you will not deal with. However, you do need to replace the default WebViewClient’s implementation of shouldOverrideUrlLoading(WebView, String). This method determines what will happen when a new URL is loaded in the WebView, like by pressing a link. If you return true, you are saying, “Do not handle this URL, I am handling it myself.” If you return false, you are saying, “Go ahead and load this URL, WebView, I’m not doing anything with it.”

The default implementation fires an implicit intent with the URL, just like you did earlier. Now, though, this would be a severe problem. The first thing some Web Applications does is redirect you to the mobile version of the website. With the default WebViewClient, that means that you are immediately sent to the user’s default web browser. This is just what you are trying to avoid. The fix is simple – just override the default implementation and return false.

Use WebChromeClient to spruce things up Since you are taking the time to create your own WebView, let’s spruce it up a bit by adding a progress bar and updating the toolbar’s subtitle with the title of the loaded page.

To hook up the ProgressBar, you will use the second callback on WebView: WebChromeClient.

WebViewClient is an interface for responding to rendering events; WebChromeClient is an event interface for reacting to events that should change elements of chrome around the browser. This includes JavaScript alerts, favicons, and of course updates for loading progress and the title of the current page.

Hook it up in onCreateView(…). Using WebChromeClient to spruce things up Progress updates and title updates each have their own callback method, onProgressChanged(WebView, int) and onReceivedTitle(WebView, String). The progress you receive from onProgressChanged(WebView, int) is an integer from 0 to 100. If it is 100, you know that the page is done loading, so you hide the ProgressBar by setting its visibility to View.GONE.

Disclaimer: This information was taken from Android Programming: The Big Nerd Ranch Guide with permission from the authors. For more information on this book or to purchase a copy, please visit bignerdranch.com.


Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with: Stack Overflow
Icon