Developing for Android in Eclipse: R.java not regenerating


Question

I've found out that my R.java is never updated, so it doesn't contain information about my new resources, so I decided to delete it and thought that Eclipse would generate a new one. But that didn't happen, and I don't have R.java now. How can I regenerate one?

I'm using Windows 7.

From one of the comments: "Doing Project -> Clean is what caused the problem for me. Cleaning deletes R.java...and for whatever reason the plugin is not regenerating the file."

1
306
10/24/2015 12:50:25 PM

Accepted Answer

This site suggests:

if you run a clean on the project it should regenerate all the generated Java files, namely R.

...and...

In Eclipse, under the Project menu, is an option build automatically. That would help you build the R.java file everytime modifications are made. The Clean... option is also there under Project.

This site suggests another solution.

176
10/24/2015 12:30:07 PM

I found this happening to me with a broken layout and everything blows up. Relax, it's like that old mistake when you first learned programming C where you forget one semicolon and it generates a hundred errors. Many panic, press all the buttons, and makes things worse.

Solution

  • Make sure that anything the R. links to is not broken. Fix all errors in your XML files. If anything in the ADKs are broken, R will not regenerate.
  • If you somehow hit something and created import android.R in your activity, remove it.
  • Run Project -> Clean. This will delete and regenerate R and BuildConfig.
  • Make sure Project -> Build Automatically is ticked. If not, build it manually via Menu -> Project -> Build Project .
  • Wait a few seconds for the errors to disappear.
  • If it doesn't work, delete everything inside the /gen/ folder
  • If it still doesn't work, try right-clicking your project -> Android Tools -> Fix Project Properties.
  • Check your *.properties files (in the root folder of your app folder) and make sure that the links in there are not broken.
  • Right-click your project > properties > Android. Look at the Project Build Target and Library sections on the right side of the page. Your Build Target should match the target in your AndroidManifest.xml. So if it's set to target 17 in AndroidManifest, make sure that the Target Name is Android 4.2. If your Library has an X under the reference, remove and re-add the library until there's a green tick. This might happen if you've moved a few files and folders around.

What to do if R doesn't regenerate

This usually happens when you have a broken XML file.

  • Check errors inside your XML files, mainly within the /res/ folder
  • Common places are /layout/ and /values/, especially if you've changed one of them recently
  • Check AndroidManifest.xml. I find that often I change a string and forget to change the string name from AndroidManifest.xml.
  • Check that Android SDK Build-tools is installed. Window -> Android SDK Manager -> Tools -> Android SDK Build-tools
  • Make sure when you update the Android SDK Tools, you also update the Android SDK Platform-tools and Android ADK Build-tools. Build fails silently if they don't match.
  • If you can't find the issue, right click /gen/ -> Restore from local history... -> tick R.java -> click Restore. Even if it doesn't solve the problem, it will clear out the extra errors to make the problem easier to find.

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