How to create directory automatically on SD card


Question

I'm trying to save my file to the following location
FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream("/sdcard/Wallpaper/"+fileName); but I'm getting the exception java.io.FileNotFoundException
However, when I put the path as "/sdcard/" it works.

Now I'm assuming that I'm not able to create directory automatically this way.

Can someone suggest how to create a directory and sub-directory using code?

1
184
7/14/2017 11:40:27 AM

Accepted Answer

If you create a File object that wraps the top-level directory you can call it's mkdirs() method to build all the needed directories. Something like:

// create a File object for the parent directory
File wallpaperDirectory = new File("/sdcard/Wallpaper/");
// have the object build the directory structure, if needed.
wallpaperDirectory.mkdirs();
// create a File object for the output file
File outputFile = new File(wallpaperDirectory, filename);
// now attach the OutputStream to the file object, instead of a String representation
FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(outputFile);

Note: It might be wise to use Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() for getting the "SD Card" directory as this might change if a phone comes along which has something other than an SD Card (such as built-in flash, a'la the iPhone). Either way you should keep in mind that you need to check to make sure it's actually there as the SD Card may be removed.

UPDATE: Since API Level 4 (1.6) you'll also have to request the permission. Something like this (in the manifest) should work:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />
442
7/18/2012 9:42:54 PM

Had the same problem and just want to add that AndroidManifest.xml also needs this permission:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />

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