Bind service to activity in Android


Question

I'm trying to write a simple media player that plays streaming audio using RTSP. I have a GUI-activity and a service that performs the playback. My question is how to best communicate between the activity and the service (e.g. updating the gui based on the player state).

I know that I can bind the service to the activity using onBind(), but if I understand correctly this will stop the service if the activity is killed. I want to continue the playback even if the user exits the activity. Is there any standard or preferred way of dealing with this problem?

1
86
6/16/2011 11:03:19 PM

Accepted Answer

"If you start an android Service with startService(..) that Service will remain running until you explicitly invoke stopService(..). There are two reasons that a service can be run by the system. If someone calls Context.startService() then the system will retrieve the service (creating it and calling its onCreate() method if needed) and then call its onStartCommand(Intent, int, int) method with the arguments supplied by the client. The service will at this point continue running until Context.stopService() or stopSelf() is called. Note that multiple calls to Context.startService() do not nest (though they do result in multiple corresponding calls to onStartCommand()), so no matter how many times it is started a service will be stopped once Context.stopService() or stopSelf() is called; however, services can use their stopSelf(int) method to ensure the service is not stopped until started intents have been processed.

Clients can also use Context.bindService() to obtain a persistent connection to a service. This likewise creates the service if it is not already running (calling onCreate() while doing so), but does not call onStartCommand(). The client will receive the IBinder object that the service returns from its onBind(Intent) method, allowing the client to then make calls back to the service. The service will remain running as long as the connection is established (whether or not the client retains a reference on the Service's IBinder). Usually the IBinder returned is for a complex interface that has been written in AIDL.

A service can be both started and have connections bound to it. In such a case, the system will keep the service running as long as either it is started or there are one or more connections to it with the Context.BIND_AUTO_CREATE flag. Once neither of these situations hold, the Service's onDestroy() method is called and the service is effectively terminated. All cleanup (stopping threads, unregistering receivers) should be complete upon returning from onDestroy()."

148
12/31/2012 5:32:08 AM

First of all, 2 thing that we need to understand

Client

  • it make request to specific server

    bindService(new 
        Intent("com.android.vending.billing.InAppBillingService.BIND"),
            mServiceConn, Context.BIND_AUTO_CREATE);`
    

here mServiceConn is instance of ServiceConnection class(inbuilt) it is actually interface that we need to implement with two (1st for network connected and 2nd network not connected) method to monitor network connection state.

Server

  • It handle the request of client and make replica of it's own which is private to client only who send request and this replica of server runs on different thread.

Now at client side, how to access all the method of server?

  • server send response with IBind Object.so IBind object is our handler which access all the method of service by using (.) operator.

    MyService myService;
    public ServiceConnection myConnection = new ServiceConnection() {
        public void onServiceConnected(ComponentName className, IBinder binder) {
            Log.d("ServiceConnection","connected");
            myService = binder;
        }
        //binder comes from server to communicate with method's of 
    
        public void onServiceDisconnected(ComponentName className) {
            Log.d("ServiceConnection","disconnected");
            myService = null;
        }
    }
    

now how to call method which lies in service

myservice.serviceMethod();

here myService is object and serviceMethode is method in service. And by this way communication is established between client and server.


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